What is Mutual fund?
Mutual fund is an investment option which pool investor’s money and invests in stock markets for generating better returns by diversifying the risks. The collective holding of invested amount in mutual funds is called as portfolio. It’s not an alternate to stocks, but its collectively investing minimizing the risk involved in stock markets
Why invest in mutual funds?
To diversify risks it is recommended to invest in mutual funds rather than stocks where your investment is linked to one or two specific stocks. In mutual funds, the fund manager purchases many stocks from of the same sector, as well as diversifies the investment in different sector to broaden risks. So even if one or two stocks fail, it does not affect the entire invested funds as the risk is minimized.
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What is Equity fund ?
Equity fund is a fund designed by the fund manager who invests more than 70% in stocks or equity related instruments which are linked in various sectors. The primary objective focus of an equity mutual fund is to make investment in equities or stocks of companies listed on the stock exchanges. This helps beating inflation and increase returns from the market
The universe of equity mutual funds is further divided based on the investment objective and risk appetite of the investor
What is debt fund?
Debt funds invests in Commercial Papers (CP), Certificate of Deposit (CD), Corporate Bonds, T-Bills, government securities and other money market instruments in order to generate stable returns as the interest rates in the above investments vehicle is fixed. Such investments have a fixed maturity date and they are considered to be safe in volatile markets where stocks show a very high alpha ranges. This investments vehicle is best for people who do not wish to take risk or senior citizens who are not in a position to bear the up and downs of the equity components.
Large cap funds-
They invest their money in the top 100 companies listed on the stock exchange. The investment is made majorly in blue-chip companies. It means that large cap funds carry low risk as the Companies they invest are fundamentally very strong and backbone of economy, thus making these investments perfect for conservative investors. The large cap funds investment is at least 80% investment in Large cap stocks. (Source- AMFIindia.com)
Mid cap funds
These funds invest in companies ranking between 101st and 250th in terms of market capitalization. Typically, the market capitalization of midcap companies is between ₹5,000 to ₹20,000 crore. A minimum investment of 65% must be done in mid cap companies and the risk associated with it is high. (Source- AMFIindia.com)
Small cap funds
The fund manager invests in small companies where market capitalization is on lower side
There are more than 65% of investments in such companies in order to generate maximum returns since the risk associated with such companies is very high. The fund manager tries to hedge the funds with the investing the balance amount in other investment vehicles were returns are consistent. (Source- AMFIindia.com)
Multi cap funds
Equity funds can be further diversified into-
Multi cap funds is the bouquet which contains the flavors of the all the 3 funds viz. Large cap, small cap, mid cap in order to generate best of returns from such assets class. Equity exposure in such funds is more than 65% and more than 15% into large cap funds and other investments into mid cap and small cap funds
Multi-asset fund is nothing but multi-asset class .In Multi-asset classes there is a combination of asset classes such as cash, bond, and equity. And these are used as an investment.
A multi-asset class, also known as a multiple-asset class or multi-asset fund, is a combination of asset classes (such as cash, equity, index tracking funds or bonds) used as an investment. A multi-asset class investment contains more than one asset class, thus creating a group or portfolio of assets. The weights and types of classes vary according to the individual investor. The diversity allows portfolio managers to potentially balance risk with reward and deliver steady, long-term returns for investors, particularly in volatile markets. (Source- AMFIindia.com)
Debts funds are further categorized as
As the name suggests, bond fund is an investment vehicle which invests in government securities, debentures and corporate fixed income products where rate of returns is relatively secure and stable. They also have an exposure to mortgage back securities, Bond exchange traded funds in order to generate stable and monthly returns for such assets class
Such class of investors has relatively secure investments as these instruments though have lower returns but defiantly generate better income than traditional investments like fix deposits or gold investments.
Gilt funds are investments which have a primary exposure to securities issued by Central and State government of India. Such investments are used in when the government needs money for a specific project and issues bond for fixed percentage of income to the public. In such cases, the returns are fixed however, depends on the tenure of the bond. Such bonds have a fixed coupon rates. In Guilt fund the fund manager invests minimum of 80% in in G-sec across maturity
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issues government securities on behalf of the government. Gilt funds do not invest in corporate securities, lowering the fund’s risk. Gilt funds are an excellent investment option to earn high returns while taking on low risk.
Money market fund
Money market fund invests in the money market where the instruments have maturity of maximum 1 year. The entire corpus is invested in the money market and liquidity is made available to investor to exit anytime from the fund. The fund may earn or loose on differences in yield curve
Fixed Maturity Plans
Fixed Maturity Plans (referred as FMPs) are close ended funds which eliminate the risks of interest rates and lock in yield, as the fund manager invests in the securities which have a fixed maturity. These funds have the potential to earn better returns than liquid funds/ money market funds as the investments are locked in. The investor cannot withdraw the funds as these funds have a fixed maturity date and are closed ended funds
Corporate Fixed deposits
A corporate FD or a corporate fixed deposit is a type of deposit that is similar to that offered by banks.
Companies and Non-Banking Financial Institutions (NBFCs) collect deposits from individuals for a fixed term with a fixed interest rate. This type of deposit is called a corporate fixed deposit (corporate FD).
They assure guaranteed returns and flexibility in deciding the tenure, just like bank FDs. They act as a savings product for individuals
Further, issuers of corporate FDs are given credit ratings by agencies like CRISIL, CARE, ICRA, etc., which shows the riskiness of the deposit.
Capital Protection oriented funds
These funds are too close ended funds which create a portfolio of debt instruments and equity derivatives. The portfolio is maintained in order to provide security of the capital amount invested by the investor and the investments are made in instruments which are rated by a credit rating agency on its ability to do so. These ratings are reviewed every quarter. A portion of the amount brought in by the investors is invested in debt instruments that are expected to mature to the par value of the capital invested by investors into the fund. The capital is thus protected. (Source AMFIIndia.com)
With PG Financials, investor shall be guided at every stage of his investments considering the horizon, risks involved & the returns expected by the investor before placing the money in any of the mutual fund category. The investor is explained about the funds objective and expected yield from the funds